NiO-ScSZ and Ni0.9Mg0.1O-ScSZ-based anodes under internal dry reforming of simulated biogas mixtures

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Abstract

Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) with NiO-ScSZ and Ni0.9Mg0.1O-ScSZ-based anodes were operated by directly feeding a fuel mixture of CH4, CO2 and N2 (CH4 to CO2 ratio of 3:2). Stable operation under constant current load (200 mA cm-2) was achieved with a NiO-ScSZ type anode during 200 h operating hours at 900 °C. Less stable operation occurred with a Ni0.9Mg0.1O-ScSZ type anode. In the case of SOFC with Ni0.9Mg0.1O-ScSZ as the anode, the methane reforming activity was higher than that with NiO-ScSZ. This was explained by change in the microstructure promoting reforming reactions. However, the addition of MgO resulted in degradation of electrochemical performance due to increase in ohmic resistance of the anode material during operation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)738-741
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Volume180
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2008

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Biofuels
Biogas
Reforming reactions
Anodes
anodes
solid oxide fuel cells
Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC)
Acoustic impedance
Methane
methane
degradation
Degradation
microstructure
Microstructure

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

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title = "NiO-ScSZ and Ni0.9Mg0.1O-ScSZ-based anodes under internal dry reforming of simulated biogas mixtures",
abstract = "Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) with NiO-ScSZ and Ni0.9Mg0.1O-ScSZ-based anodes were operated by directly feeding a fuel mixture of CH4, CO2 and N2 (CH4 to CO2 ratio of 3:2). Stable operation under constant current load (200 mA cm-2) was achieved with a NiO-ScSZ type anode during 200 h operating hours at 900 °C. Less stable operation occurred with a Ni0.9Mg0.1O-ScSZ type anode. In the case of SOFC with Ni0.9Mg0.1O-ScSZ as the anode, the methane reforming activity was higher than that with NiO-ScSZ. This was explained by change in the microstructure promoting reforming reactions. However, the addition of MgO resulted in degradation of electrochemical performance due to increase in ohmic resistance of the anode material during operation.",
author = "Yusuke Shiratori and Kazunari Sasaki",
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T1 - NiO-ScSZ and Ni0.9Mg0.1O-ScSZ-based anodes under internal dry reforming of simulated biogas mixtures

AU - Shiratori, Yusuke

AU - Sasaki, Kazunari

PY - 2008/6/1

Y1 - 2008/6/1

N2 - Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) with NiO-ScSZ and Ni0.9Mg0.1O-ScSZ-based anodes were operated by directly feeding a fuel mixture of CH4, CO2 and N2 (CH4 to CO2 ratio of 3:2). Stable operation under constant current load (200 mA cm-2) was achieved with a NiO-ScSZ type anode during 200 h operating hours at 900 °C. Less stable operation occurred with a Ni0.9Mg0.1O-ScSZ type anode. In the case of SOFC with Ni0.9Mg0.1O-ScSZ as the anode, the methane reforming activity was higher than that with NiO-ScSZ. This was explained by change in the microstructure promoting reforming reactions. However, the addition of MgO resulted in degradation of electrochemical performance due to increase in ohmic resistance of the anode material during operation.

AB - Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) with NiO-ScSZ and Ni0.9Mg0.1O-ScSZ-based anodes were operated by directly feeding a fuel mixture of CH4, CO2 and N2 (CH4 to CO2 ratio of 3:2). Stable operation under constant current load (200 mA cm-2) was achieved with a NiO-ScSZ type anode during 200 h operating hours at 900 °C. Less stable operation occurred with a Ni0.9Mg0.1O-ScSZ type anode. In the case of SOFC with Ni0.9Mg0.1O-ScSZ as the anode, the methane reforming activity was higher than that with NiO-ScSZ. This was explained by change in the microstructure promoting reforming reactions. However, the addition of MgO resulted in degradation of electrochemical performance due to increase in ohmic resistance of the anode material during operation.

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