Purpose: 4D dynamic MR angiography (4D-MRA) using pseudo-continuous arterial spin labeling (pCASL), combined with Keyhole and View-sharing (4D-PACK) for scan acceleration, is introduced. Its validity for arterial inflow dynamics visualization was investigated through comparison with 4D-pCASL and contrast inherent inflow enhanced multiphase angiography (CINEMA). Methods: Six healthy volunteers were included in the study. The arterial transit time (ATT) in 4D-PACK was measured at multiple regions in middle cerebral artery (MCA), and Pearson's correlation coefficient with ATT in 4D-pCASL was calculated. The contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) in 4D-PACK was measured in four MCA segments and compared with that in 4D-pCASL and CINEMA. Arterial visualization in 4D-PACK was assessed qualitatively in patients with moyamoya disease and arteriovenous malformation by comparing with CINEMA. Results: 4D-PACK achieved a 36% scan time reduction compared with 4D-pCASL. The correlation coefficient for ATT measured by 4D-pCASL and 4D-PACK was greater than 0.96. The CNR was significantly higher using 4D-PACK compared with CINEMA in the M4 segment (P < 0.01). In patient examinations, the flow in the collateral artery or draining vein was better visualized in 4D-PACK compared with CINEMA. Conclusion: 4D-PACK accelerates 4D-pCASL, shows similar inflow dynamics as 4D-pCASL and shows better peripheral visualization compared with CINEMA. Magn Reson Med 80:719–725, 2018.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging