In this paper, the tradeoff between spectrum efficiency (SE) and energy efficiency (EE) is investigated in terms of interference management and power allocation for heterogeneous networks (HetNets) with non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA). The EE and SE tradeoff is modeled as a multi-objective problem (MOP) under the maximum power and quality of service (QoS) constraints, which is non-convex. The MOP is relaxed into a convex single objective problem (SOP) by adopting a weighted sum strategy with the hypograph transformation. The SOP is solved in two steps. In the first step, we propose a power allocation technique based on non-cooperative (NC) game for EE and SE in NOMA HetNets. In the proposed NC game, the macro base station (MBS) and the small BSs (SBSs) compete with an equal priority in order to optimize their transmit powers towards maximizing the weighted sum of SE and EE. In the second step, a closed-form formula is proposed to control the power allocated to users while taking into account both QoS constraint and successive interference cancellation (SIC) condition. From simulations, the proposed technique can, in some dedicated settings, considerably improve the tradeoff between EE and SE over conventional techniques.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Computer Science(all)
- Materials Science(all)