Non-resonant current drive by RF helicity injection

A. Fukuyama, S. I. Itoh, K. Itoh, K. Hamamatsu, V. S. Chan, S. C. Chiu, R. L. Miller, T. Ohkawa

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Current drive via non-resonant interaction between RF waves and plasma is studied by using kinetic wave analysis and computation in a stationary state. The non-resonant interaction generates a force, in addition to the usual ponderomotive force. The force under consideration mainly acts as an internal force among plasma species; the net momentum input from the wave to the plasma is small in this process. The current driven by this process is not included in the conventional current drive scheme (i.e. resonant absorption of the parallel wave momentum or wave energy) and appears to be associated with the change in the RF wave helicity 〈A·B〉. The analysis is applied to ICRF waves in large tokamaks. A one-dimensional wave analysis code (TASK/W1) shows that the conversion ratio of the RF wave helicity to the DC helicity becomes close to one in the case of hot plasmas. The current drive efficiency of RF helicity injection is not necessarily bounded by the conventional RF current drive efficiency. A preliminary study suggests that it scales strongly with electron temperature and toroidal magnetic field but only weakly with plasma density.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProc 13 Int Conf Plasma Phys Controlled Nucl Fusion Res
PublisherPubl by IAEA
Pages855-863
Number of pages9
ISBN (Print)9201300913
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1991

Publication series

NameProc 13 Int Conf Plasma Phys Controlled Nucl Fusion Res

Fingerprint

Plasmas
Momentum
Plasma density
Electron temperature
Beam plasma interactions
Magnetic fields
Kinetics

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

Fukuyama, A., Itoh, S. I., Itoh, K., Hamamatsu, K., Chan, V. S., Chiu, S. C., ... Ohkawa, T. (1991). Non-resonant current drive by RF helicity injection. In Proc 13 Int Conf Plasma Phys Controlled Nucl Fusion Res (pp. 855-863). (Proc 13 Int Conf Plasma Phys Controlled Nucl Fusion Res). Publ by IAEA.

Non-resonant current drive by RF helicity injection. / Fukuyama, A.; Itoh, S. I.; Itoh, K.; Hamamatsu, K.; Chan, V. S.; Chiu, S. C.; Miller, R. L.; Ohkawa, T.

Proc 13 Int Conf Plasma Phys Controlled Nucl Fusion Res. Publ by IAEA, 1991. p. 855-863 (Proc 13 Int Conf Plasma Phys Controlled Nucl Fusion Res).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Fukuyama, A, Itoh, SI, Itoh, K, Hamamatsu, K, Chan, VS, Chiu, SC, Miller, RL & Ohkawa, T 1991, Non-resonant current drive by RF helicity injection. in Proc 13 Int Conf Plasma Phys Controlled Nucl Fusion Res. Proc 13 Int Conf Plasma Phys Controlled Nucl Fusion Res, Publ by IAEA, pp. 855-863.
Fukuyama A, Itoh SI, Itoh K, Hamamatsu K, Chan VS, Chiu SC et al. Non-resonant current drive by RF helicity injection. In Proc 13 Int Conf Plasma Phys Controlled Nucl Fusion Res. Publ by IAEA. 1991. p. 855-863. (Proc 13 Int Conf Plasma Phys Controlled Nucl Fusion Res).
Fukuyama, A. ; Itoh, S. I. ; Itoh, K. ; Hamamatsu, K. ; Chan, V. S. ; Chiu, S. C. ; Miller, R. L. ; Ohkawa, T. / Non-resonant current drive by RF helicity injection. Proc 13 Int Conf Plasma Phys Controlled Nucl Fusion Res. Publ by IAEA, 1991. pp. 855-863 (Proc 13 Int Conf Plasma Phys Controlled Nucl Fusion Res).
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AB - Current drive via non-resonant interaction between RF waves and plasma is studied by using kinetic wave analysis and computation in a stationary state. The non-resonant interaction generates a force, in addition to the usual ponderomotive force. The force under consideration mainly acts as an internal force among plasma species; the net momentum input from the wave to the plasma is small in this process. The current driven by this process is not included in the conventional current drive scheme (i.e. resonant absorption of the parallel wave momentum or wave energy) and appears to be associated with the change in the RF wave helicity 〈A·B〉. The analysis is applied to ICRF waves in large tokamaks. A one-dimensional wave analysis code (TASK/W1) shows that the conversion ratio of the RF wave helicity to the DC helicity becomes close to one in the case of hot plasmas. The current drive efficiency of RF helicity injection is not necessarily bounded by the conventional RF current drive efficiency. A preliminary study suggests that it scales strongly with electron temperature and toroidal magnetic field but only weakly with plasma density.

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