To compare therapeutic efficacy of tumour necrosis factor inhibitor (TNFi) cyclers and non-TNFi switchers in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) having inadequate response to previous TNFis (TNF-IR patients) using composite measures including imaging assessment with power Doppler ultrasonography (PDUS). Patients with RA who had inadequate response to one or more previous TNFi agents with moderate or higher disease activity were enrolled. The outcomes of 56 TNF-IR patients were analysed. Patients were divided into 19 TNFi cyclers and 37 non-TNFi switchers (16 abatacept [ABT] and 21 tocilizumab [TCZ] switchers). Retention ratio at 6 months was significantly higher in non-TNFi switchers than in TNFi cyclers (p '.05). Although there was no significant difference, non-TNFi switchers tended to have a larger decrease than TNFi cyclers in efficacy indicators based on clinical disease activity index and PDUS. Multivariate logistic regression analysis identified a following independent factor associated with both EULAR good response and retention of a biologic agent: non-TNFi switch (p '.05 for both). Non-TNFi switchers were shown to have significantly higher percentage of EULAR good response and higher retention than TNFi cyclers. A non-TNFi biologic agent may hence be a preferential next-line treatment for TNF-IR patients.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Immunology and Allergy