Nonadiabatic interaction between a charged particle and an MHD pulse

Y. Kuramitsu, T. Hada

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    2 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Interaction between a magnetohydrodynamic∼(MHD) pulse and a charged particle is discussed both numerically and theoretically. Charged particles can be accelerated efficiently in the presence of spatially correlated MHD waves, such as short large amplitude magnetic structures, by successive mirror reflection (Fermi process). In order to understand this process, we study the reflection probability of particles by the MHD pulses, focusing on the adiabaticity on the particle motion. When the particle velocity is small (adiabatic regime), the probability that the particle is reflected by the MHD pulse is essentially determined only by the pitch angle, independent from the velocity. On the other hand, in the non-adiabatic regime, the reflection probability is inversely proportional to the square root of the normalized velocity. We discuss our numerical as well as analytical results of the interaction process with various pulse amplitude, pulse shape, and the pulse winding number. The reflection probability is universally represented as a power law function independent from above pulse properties.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)265-273
    Number of pages9
    JournalNonlinear Processes in Geophysics
    Volume15
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2008

    Fingerprint

    Charged particles
    Magnetohydrodynamics
    magnetohydrodynamics
    charged particles
    pulses
    interactions
    Magnetic structure
    particle motion
    Mirrors
    pitch (inclination)
    pulse amplitude
    magnetohydrodynamic waves
    power law
    particle
    mirrors

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
    • Geophysics
    • Geochemistry and Petrology

    Cite this

    Nonadiabatic interaction between a charged particle and an MHD pulse. / Kuramitsu, Y.; Hada, T.

    In: Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics, Vol. 15, No. 2, 01.01.2008, p. 265-273.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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