"Non-convulsive" partial status epilepticus (SE) is an important pathologic condition that should be differentiated from cerebral infarction. Herein, we reported 2 patients who had partial SE associated with old infarction in the right parietal lobe. Each patient had 2 episodes of left hemiparesis and hemisensory disturbance without convulsion. On diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance images (DW-MRI), a hyperintense lesion was noted in the cortex around the old infarction lesion, and recurrent infarction was suspected. Although electroencephalography (EEG) failed to reveal ictal discharges or interictal paroxysmal activities in 3 of 4 episodes, perfusion images with arterial spin labeling (ASL) clearly demonstrated ictal hyperperfusion in the area corresponding to the cortical hyperintense lesion on DW-MRI. After appropriate anticonvulsant treatment based on the diagnosis of partial SE, clinical symptoms were completely improved. These data stress the importance of cortical hyperintensity on DW-MRI and ictal ASL hyperperfusion, even when SE cannot be determined from EEG.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases|
|Publication status||Published - 2015|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Clinical Neurology
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine