Purpose: To compare the efficacy of a newly developed hybrid pencil-type energy device (HD) generating simultaneously monopolar high-frequency electric energy and ultrasonic energy with that of a conventional device (CD) during laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (LPN). Materials and Methods: A total of 16 female pigs (32 kidneys) were divided into 4 groups of 4 animals (8 kidneys) each: nonischemic and ischemic HD-LPN groups, and nonischemic and ischemic CD-LPN groups. We performed bilateral LPN for each pig. HD alone was used in the HD-LPN group, whereas commercially available monopolar scissors and a soft coagulation system were used in the CD-LPN group. After observing the postoperative course for 14 days, we euthanized the animals and harvested the kidneys for histopathological observations. Results: We completed an LPN on a total of 32 kidneys. There were no cases of conversion to open surgery, nor were there any deaths or complications requiring treatment. For nonischemic LPN, LPN time was significantly shorter in the HD-LPN group than in the CD-LPN group (11.4 ± 4.8 vs 17.7 ± 5.3 minutes, p = 0.027). The decrease in postoperative hemoglobin was equally low in both groups. However, the frequency of TachoSil® use was significantly higher in the CD-LPN group than in the HD-LPN group (6/8 [75%] vs 0/8 [0%], p = 0.007). For ischemic LPN, we found no significant differences in parameters such as LPN time and using TachoSil between the two groups. The depth of thermal injury was the most superficial in the nonischemic HD-LPN group in comparison with the other three groups. Conclusions: The application of an HD allowed nonischemic LPN to be performed safely in a short time with less blood loss and less thermal injury to the kidney in the porcine model. Additional clinical investigations of human kidneys are required.
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