Nonprotein amino acid furanomycin was found to bind with Escherichia coli isoleucyl-tRNA synthetase (IleRS) almost as tightly as the substrate L-isoleucine. The conformation of furanomycin bound to the enzyme was determined by NMR analyses including the transferred nuclear Overhauser effect method. The conformation of IleRS-bound furanomycin was similar to that of L-isoleucine, although the chemical structure of furanomycin is unlike that of L-isoleucine. By E. coli IleRS, E. coli tRNA(Ile) was charged with furanomycin as efficiently as with L-isoleucine. Furthermore, furanomycyl-tRNA(Ile) was bound to polypeptide chain elongation factor Tu as tightly as isoleucyl-tRNA(Ile). Furanomycin was found to be incorporated into β-lactamase precursor by in vitro protein biosynthesis. A newly designed amino acid will probably be incorporated into proteins, provided that the new amino acid takes a similar conformation as a protein-constituting amino acid in the active site of an aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|Publication status||Published - May 16 1990|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology