Electrical and thermal spin currents excited by an electric current have been systematically investigated in lateral spin valves consisting of CoFeAl and Ni80Fe20 (Py) wires bridged by a Cu strip. In the electrical spin signal, the reciprocity between the current and voltage probes was clearly confirmed. However, a significant nonreciprocity was observed in the thermal spin signal. This provides clear evidence that a large spin-dependent Seebeck coefficient is more important than the spin polarization for efficient thermal spin injection and detection. We demonstrate that the spin-dependent Seebeck coefficient can be simply evaluated from the thermal spin signals for two configurations. Our experimental description paves a way for evaluating a small spin-dependent Seebeck coefficient for conventional ferromagnets without using complicated parameters.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics