Mucolipidosis type IV (MLIV) is a rare lysosomal storage disorder causing severe psychomotor developmental delay and progressive visual impairment. MLIV is an autosomal recessive disease caused by mutations in MCOLN1, which encodes for mucolipin-1. Here, we report a case of a 4-year-old Japanese girl with severe intellectual disability and motor deficits. Brain magnetic resonance imaging showed signal abnormalities in the white matter and thinning of the corpus callosum. Whole-exome sequencing was performed on the proband and her parents, and novel compound heterozygous mutations at c.936_938del (p.Phe313del) and c.1503dupC (p.Ile502Hisfs*106) in MCOLN1 (NM_020533.2) were identified in the proband. Additional biochemical examinations revealed elevated serum gastrin level and iron deficiency anemia, leading to the diagnosis of MLIV. More reports of such pathogenic mutations are expected to broaden the understanding of the channel function of mucolipin-1 and genotype-phenotype correlations.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Developmental Neuroscience
- Clinical Neurology