Novel Method of Quantifying Radioactive Cesium-Rich Microparticles (CsMPs) in the Environment from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant

Ryohei Ikehara, Mizuki Suetake, Tatsuki Komiya, Genki Furuki, Asumi Ochiai, Shinya Yamasaki, William R. Bower, Gareth T.W. Law, Toshihiko Ohnuki, Bernd Grambow, Rodney C. Ewing, Satoshi Utsunomiya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Highly radioactive cesium-rich microparticles (CsMPs) were released from the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant (FDNPP) to the surrounding environment at an early stage of the nuclear disaster in March of 2011; however, the quantity of released CsMPs remains undetermined. Here, we report a novel method to quantify the number of CsMPs in surface soils at or around Fukushima and the fraction of radioactivity they contribute, which we call "quantification of CsMPs" (QCP) and is based on autoradiography. Here, photostimulated luminescence (PSL) is linearly correlated to the radioactivity of various microparticles, with a regression coefficient of 0.0523 becquerel/PSL/h (Bq/PSL/h). In soil collected from Nagadoro, Fukushima, Japan, CsMPs were detected in soil sieved with a 114 μm mesh. There was no overlap between the radioactivities of CsMPs and clay particles adsorbing Cs. Based on the distribution of radioactivity of CsMPs, the threshold radioactivity of CsMPs in the size fraction of <114 μm was determined to be 0.06 Bq. Based on this method, the number and radioactivity fraction of CsMPs in four surface soils collected from the vicinity of the FDNPP were determined to be 48-318 particles per gram and 8.53-31.8%, respectively. The QCP method is applicable to soils with a total radioactivity as high as ∼106 Bq/kg. This novel method is critically important and can be used to quantitatively understand the distribution and migration of the highly radioactive CsMPs in near-surface environments surrounding Fukushima.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6390-6398
Number of pages9
JournalEnvironmental Science and Technology
Volume52
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 5 2018

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Cesium
cesium
nuclear power plant
Nuclear power plants
Radioactivity
radioactivity
Soils
luminescence
Luminescence
soil surface
method
soil
Disasters
disaster
clay

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry

Cite this

Novel Method of Quantifying Radioactive Cesium-Rich Microparticles (CsMPs) in the Environment from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant. / Ikehara, Ryohei; Suetake, Mizuki; Komiya, Tatsuki; Furuki, Genki; Ochiai, Asumi; Yamasaki, Shinya; Bower, William R.; Law, Gareth T.W.; Ohnuki, Toshihiko; Grambow, Bernd; Ewing, Rodney C.; Utsunomiya, Satoshi.

In: Environmental Science and Technology, Vol. 52, No. 11, 05.06.2018, p. 6390-6398.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ikehara, R, Suetake, M, Komiya, T, Furuki, G, Ochiai, A, Yamasaki, S, Bower, WR, Law, GTW, Ohnuki, T, Grambow, B, Ewing, RC & Utsunomiya, S 2018, 'Novel Method of Quantifying Radioactive Cesium-Rich Microparticles (CsMPs) in the Environment from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant', Environmental Science and Technology, vol. 52, no. 11, pp. 6390-6398. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.7b06693
Ikehara, Ryohei ; Suetake, Mizuki ; Komiya, Tatsuki ; Furuki, Genki ; Ochiai, Asumi ; Yamasaki, Shinya ; Bower, William R. ; Law, Gareth T.W. ; Ohnuki, Toshihiko ; Grambow, Bernd ; Ewing, Rodney C. ; Utsunomiya, Satoshi. / Novel Method of Quantifying Radioactive Cesium-Rich Microparticles (CsMPs) in the Environment from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant. In: Environmental Science and Technology. 2018 ; Vol. 52, No. 11. pp. 6390-6398.
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