Novel multifunctional plant growth–promoting bacteria in co-compost of palm oil industry waste

Clament Fui Seung Chin, Yoshihide Furuya, Mohd Huzairi Mohd Zainudin, Norhayati Ramli, Mohd Ali Hassan, Yukihiro Tashiro, Kenji Sakai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Previously, a unique co-compost produced by composting empty fruit bunch with anaerobic sludge from palm oil mill effluent, which contributed to establishing a zero-emission industry in Malaysia. Little was known about the bacterial functions during the composting process and fertilization capacity of this co-compost. We isolated 100 strains from the co-compost on 7 types of enumeration media and screened 25 strains using in vitro tests for 12 traits, grouping them according to three functions: plant growth promoting (fixation of nitrogen; solubilization of phosphorus, potassium, and silicate; production of 3-indoleacetic acid, ammonia, and siderophore), biocontrolling (production of chitinase and anti-Ganoderma activity), and composting (degradation of lignin, xylan, and cellulose). Using 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, 25 strains with strong or multi-functional traits were found belong to the genera Bacillus, Paenibacillus, Citrobacter, Enterobacter, and Kosakonia. Furthermore, several strains of Citrobacter sedlakii exhibited a plant growth-stimulation in vivo komatsuna plant cultivation test. In addition, we isolated several multifunctional strains; Bacillus tequilensis CE4 (biocontrolling and composting), Enterobacter cloacae subsp. dissolvens B3 (plant growth promoting and biocontrolling), and C. sedlakii CESi7 (plant growth promoting and composting). Some bacteria in the co-compost play significant roles during the composting process and plant cultivation after fertilization, and some multifunctional strains have potential for use in accelerating the biodegradation of lignocellulosic biomass, protecting against Ganoderma boninense infection, and increasing the yield of palm oil.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)506-513
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Bioscience and Bioengineering
Volume124
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2017

Fingerprint

Composting
Palm oil
Bacteria
Industry
Soil
Ganoderma
Citrobacter
Bacilli
Growth
Fertilization
Bacillus
Paenibacillus
Nitrogen fixation
Enterobacter cloacae
Xylans
Silicates
Siderophores
Chitinases
Enterobacter
Nitrogen Fixation

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biotechnology
  • Bioengineering
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Cite this

Novel multifunctional plant growth–promoting bacteria in co-compost of palm oil industry waste. / Chin, Clament Fui Seung; Furuya, Yoshihide; Zainudin, Mohd Huzairi Mohd; Ramli, Norhayati; Hassan, Mohd Ali; Tashiro, Yukihiro; Sakai, Kenji.

In: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering, Vol. 124, No. 5, 01.11.2017, p. 506-513.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Chin, Clament Fui Seung ; Furuya, Yoshihide ; Zainudin, Mohd Huzairi Mohd ; Ramli, Norhayati ; Hassan, Mohd Ali ; Tashiro, Yukihiro ; Sakai, Kenji. / Novel multifunctional plant growth–promoting bacteria in co-compost of palm oil industry waste. In: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering. 2017 ; Vol. 124, No. 5. pp. 506-513.
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