Novel organophosphorus extractants for the recycle of transuranium elements

Jun Ichiro Yamagawa, Masahiro Goto, Fumiyuki Nakashio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Novel extractants having two functional phosphonic groups in the molecular structure have been synthesized. The solvent extraction of six lanthanide group metals in nitric acid media has been investigated with a view to developing an extraction model suited to transuranium elements in a liquid-liquid extraction system. Results have shown that the novel extractants possess superior extraction characteristics and selectivity for lanthanides as compared to ordinary mono-phosphonic acid extractants. The enhanced extraction properties of the newly synthesized extractants are attributed to the presence in the molecular structure of a shorter alkyl chains linking the two constituted functional groups. In addition, the thermodynamic properties, entropy and enthalpy, have been evaluated from temperature dependent extraction profiles to elucidate the extraction mechanism.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12-22
Number of pages11
JournalSolvent Extraction Research and Development
Volume1997
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 1997

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Transuranium elements
Lanthanoid Series Elements
Rare earth elements
Functional groups
Molecular structure
Nitric Acid
Liquids
Solvent extraction
Nitric acid
Enthalpy
Entropy
Thermodynamic properties
Metals
Acids

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Cite this

Novel organophosphorus extractants for the recycle of transuranium elements. / Yamagawa, Jun Ichiro; Goto, Masahiro; Nakashio, Fumiyuki.

In: Solvent Extraction Research and Development, Vol. 1997, No. 4, 01.12.1997, p. 12-22.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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