Novel roles of local insulin-like growth factor-1 activation in gastric ulcer healing

Promotes actin polymerization, cell proliferation, re-epithelialization, and induces cyclooxygenase-2 in a phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase-dependent manner

Tom Nguyen, Jianyuan Chai, Aihua Li, Tomohiko Akahoshi, Tetsuya Tanigawa, Andrzej S. Tarnawski

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26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The precise role of insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-1 in gastric ulcer healing is unknown. In experimental rat gastric ulcers, we examined expression of IGF-1 mRNA and protein by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction or enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and immunostaining, respectively. In cultured rat gastric epithelial RGM1 cells, we examined effects of exogenous IGF-1 on cell migration, re-epithelialization, and proliferation-essential components of ulcer healing. We also examined whether IGF-1 induces cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 expression and determined the role of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase and mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling pathways in mediating IGF-1 actions. Gastric ulceration triggered an approximately threefold increase in IGF-1 expression in epithelial cells of the ulcer margins (P < 0.001 versus control), especially in cells re-epithelizing granulation tissue and in mucosa in proximity to the ulcer margin. Treatment of RGM1 cells with IGF-1 caused a dramatic increase in actin polymerization, an eightfold increase in cell migration (P < 0.001), a 195% increase in cell proliferation (P < 0.05), and a sixfold increase in COX-2 expression (P < 0.01). Inhibitor of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase abolished IGF-1-induced RGM1 cell migration and proliferation, actin polymerization, and COX-2 expression. The up-regulation of IGF-1 in gastric ulcer margin accelerates gastric ulcer healing by promoting cell re-epithelization, proliferation, and COX-2 expression via the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase pathway.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1219-1228
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican Journal of Pathology
Volume170
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2007
Externally publishedYes

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Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinase
Re-Epithelialization
Somatomedins
Cyclooxygenase 2
Stomach Ulcer
Polymerization
Actins
Cell Proliferation
Ulcer
Cell Movement
Stomach
Epithelial Cells
Granulation Tissue
Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases
Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
Mucous Membrane
Up-Regulation
Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

Cite this

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title = "Novel roles of local insulin-like growth factor-1 activation in gastric ulcer healing: Promotes actin polymerization, cell proliferation, re-epithelialization, and induces cyclooxygenase-2 in a phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase-dependent manner",
abstract = "The precise role of insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-1 in gastric ulcer healing is unknown. In experimental rat gastric ulcers, we examined expression of IGF-1 mRNA and protein by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction or enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and immunostaining, respectively. In cultured rat gastric epithelial RGM1 cells, we examined effects of exogenous IGF-1 on cell migration, re-epithelialization, and proliferation-essential components of ulcer healing. We also examined whether IGF-1 induces cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 expression and determined the role of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase and mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling pathways in mediating IGF-1 actions. Gastric ulceration triggered an approximately threefold increase in IGF-1 expression in epithelial cells of the ulcer margins (P < 0.001 versus control), especially in cells re-epithelizing granulation tissue and in mucosa in proximity to the ulcer margin. Treatment of RGM1 cells with IGF-1 caused a dramatic increase in actin polymerization, an eightfold increase in cell migration (P < 0.001), a 195{\%} increase in cell proliferation (P < 0.05), and a sixfold increase in COX-2 expression (P < 0.01). Inhibitor of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase abolished IGF-1-induced RGM1 cell migration and proliferation, actin polymerization, and COX-2 expression. The up-regulation of IGF-1 in gastric ulcer margin accelerates gastric ulcer healing by promoting cell re-epithelization, proliferation, and COX-2 expression via the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase pathway.",
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T2 - Promotes actin polymerization, cell proliferation, re-epithelialization, and induces cyclooxygenase-2 in a phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase-dependent manner

AU - Nguyen, Tom

AU - Chai, Jianyuan

AU - Li, Aihua

AU - Akahoshi, Tomohiko

AU - Tanigawa, Tetsuya

AU - Tarnawski, Andrzej S.

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N2 - The precise role of insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-1 in gastric ulcer healing is unknown. In experimental rat gastric ulcers, we examined expression of IGF-1 mRNA and protein by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction or enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and immunostaining, respectively. In cultured rat gastric epithelial RGM1 cells, we examined effects of exogenous IGF-1 on cell migration, re-epithelialization, and proliferation-essential components of ulcer healing. We also examined whether IGF-1 induces cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 expression and determined the role of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase and mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling pathways in mediating IGF-1 actions. Gastric ulceration triggered an approximately threefold increase in IGF-1 expression in epithelial cells of the ulcer margins (P < 0.001 versus control), especially in cells re-epithelizing granulation tissue and in mucosa in proximity to the ulcer margin. Treatment of RGM1 cells with IGF-1 caused a dramatic increase in actin polymerization, an eightfold increase in cell migration (P < 0.001), a 195% increase in cell proliferation (P < 0.05), and a sixfold increase in COX-2 expression (P < 0.01). Inhibitor of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase abolished IGF-1-induced RGM1 cell migration and proliferation, actin polymerization, and COX-2 expression. The up-regulation of IGF-1 in gastric ulcer margin accelerates gastric ulcer healing by promoting cell re-epithelization, proliferation, and COX-2 expression via the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase pathway.

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