Novel ruthenium sensitizers with a dianionic tridentate ligand for dye-sensitized solar cells: The relationship between the solar cell performances and the electron-withdrawing ability of substituents on the ligand

Hironobu Ozawa, Shunsuke Honda, Daichi Katano, Takahito Sugiura, Hironori Arakawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Five novel ruthenium sensitizers (TUS sensitizers) with a dianionic tridentate ligand (pyridine-2,6-dicarboxyamidato and its derivatives) have been synthesized for application to dye-sensitized solar cells (DSCs). These TUS sensitizers have much larger molar absorption coefficients in the wavelength range below 600 nm compared with those of Black dye which is a structural analog and a highly efficient ruthenium sensitizer. The energy levels of HOMOs and LUMOs of TUS sensitizers shifted to the positive direction with increasing the electron-withdrawing ability of the substituents on the dianionic tridentate ligand. The energy levels of HOMO and LUMO showed linear correlation with respect to the Hammett constant of the substituents. The DSCs with TUS sensitizers showed much lower performances than that of Black dye. Both inferior adsorptivity on the TiO2 surface and unfavorable energy levels of HOMOs and LUMOs for the effective electron transfer reactions in the DSCs are considered to be the main reasons for the much lower performances of TUS sensitizers. The conversion efficiency of the DSC with a TUS sensitizer increased with increasing the electron-withdrawing ability of the substituents on the dianionic tridentate ligand. The observed linear relationship between the conversion efficiency and the driving force of the reduction process of the oxidized form of dyes by I- suggests that the dye regeneration process is a rate-determining step in the DSCs with TUS sensitizers. This journal is

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8026-8036
Number of pages11
JournalDalton Transactions
Volume43
Issue number21
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 7 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Inorganic Chemistry

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