Nuclear and thermal feasibility of lithium-loaded high temperature gas-cooled reactor for tritium production for fusion reactors

Minoru Goto, Keisuke Okumura, Shigeaki Nakagawa, Yoshitomo Inaba, Hideaki Matsuura, Hiroyuki Nakaya, Kazunari Katayama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A high-temperature, gas-cooled reactor (HTGR) is proposed as a tritium production device that has the potential to produce a large amount of tritium using the 6Li(n,α)T reaction without major changes to the original reactor core design. In an HTGR design, generally, boron is loaded into the core as a burnable poison to suppress excess reactivity. In this study, lithium is loaded into the HTGR core aiming to produce thermal energy and tritium simultaneously and is loaded instead of boron as a burnable poison. The nuclear characteristics and fuel temperature were analyzed to confirm the nuclear and thermal feasibility of a lithium-loaded HTGR. It was shown that the analysis results satisfied the design requirements and hence the nuclear and thermal feasibility was confirmed for a lithium-loaded HTGR that produces thermal energy and tritium.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)357-361
Number of pages5
JournalFusion Engineering and Design
Volume136
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2018

Fingerprint

High temperature gas reactors
Tritium
Fusion reactors
Lithium
Boron
Reactor cores
Poisons
Thermal energy
Hot Temperature

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Nuclear and thermal feasibility of lithium-loaded high temperature gas-cooled reactor for tritium production for fusion reactors. / Goto, Minoru; Okumura, Keisuke; Nakagawa, Shigeaki; Inaba, Yoshitomo; Matsuura, Hideaki; Nakaya, Hiroyuki; Katayama, Kazunari.

In: Fusion Engineering and Design, Vol. 136, 01.11.2018, p. 357-361.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{786f9244c36c46a8a50c439d27129691,
title = "Nuclear and thermal feasibility of lithium-loaded high temperature gas-cooled reactor for tritium production for fusion reactors",
abstract = "A high-temperature, gas-cooled reactor (HTGR) is proposed as a tritium production device that has the potential to produce a large amount of tritium using the 6Li(n,α)T reaction without major changes to the original reactor core design. In an HTGR design, generally, boron is loaded into the core as a burnable poison to suppress excess reactivity. In this study, lithium is loaded into the HTGR core aiming to produce thermal energy and tritium simultaneously and is loaded instead of boron as a burnable poison. The nuclear characteristics and fuel temperature were analyzed to confirm the nuclear and thermal feasibility of a lithium-loaded HTGR. It was shown that the analysis results satisfied the design requirements and hence the nuclear and thermal feasibility was confirmed for a lithium-loaded HTGR that produces thermal energy and tritium.",
author = "Minoru Goto and Keisuke Okumura and Shigeaki Nakagawa and Yoshitomo Inaba and Hideaki Matsuura and Hiroyuki Nakaya and Kazunari Katayama",
year = "2018",
month = "11",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.fusengdes.2018.02.029",
language = "English",
volume = "136",
pages = "357--361",
journal = "Fusion Engineering and Design",
issn = "0920-3796",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Nuclear and thermal feasibility of lithium-loaded high temperature gas-cooled reactor for tritium production for fusion reactors

AU - Goto, Minoru

AU - Okumura, Keisuke

AU - Nakagawa, Shigeaki

AU - Inaba, Yoshitomo

AU - Matsuura, Hideaki

AU - Nakaya, Hiroyuki

AU - Katayama, Kazunari

PY - 2018/11/1

Y1 - 2018/11/1

N2 - A high-temperature, gas-cooled reactor (HTGR) is proposed as a tritium production device that has the potential to produce a large amount of tritium using the 6Li(n,α)T reaction without major changes to the original reactor core design. In an HTGR design, generally, boron is loaded into the core as a burnable poison to suppress excess reactivity. In this study, lithium is loaded into the HTGR core aiming to produce thermal energy and tritium simultaneously and is loaded instead of boron as a burnable poison. The nuclear characteristics and fuel temperature were analyzed to confirm the nuclear and thermal feasibility of a lithium-loaded HTGR. It was shown that the analysis results satisfied the design requirements and hence the nuclear and thermal feasibility was confirmed for a lithium-loaded HTGR that produces thermal energy and tritium.

AB - A high-temperature, gas-cooled reactor (HTGR) is proposed as a tritium production device that has the potential to produce a large amount of tritium using the 6Li(n,α)T reaction without major changes to the original reactor core design. In an HTGR design, generally, boron is loaded into the core as a burnable poison to suppress excess reactivity. In this study, lithium is loaded into the HTGR core aiming to produce thermal energy and tritium simultaneously and is loaded instead of boron as a burnable poison. The nuclear characteristics and fuel temperature were analyzed to confirm the nuclear and thermal feasibility of a lithium-loaded HTGR. It was shown that the analysis results satisfied the design requirements and hence the nuclear and thermal feasibility was confirmed for a lithium-loaded HTGR that produces thermal energy and tritium.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85042482658&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85042482658&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.fusengdes.2018.02.029

DO - 10.1016/j.fusengdes.2018.02.029

M3 - Article

VL - 136

SP - 357

EP - 361

JO - Fusion Engineering and Design

JF - Fusion Engineering and Design

SN - 0920-3796

ER -