Nuclear factor I/A coordinates the timing of oligodendrocyte differentiation/maturation via olig1 promoter methylation

Katsunori Semi, Tsukasa Sanosaka, Masakazu Namihira, Kinichi Nakashima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Transcription factors (TFs) and epigenetic modifications function cooperatively to regulate various biological processes such as cell proliferation, differentiation, maturation, and metabolism. TF binding to regulatory regions of target genes controls their transcriptional activity through alteration of the epigenetic status around the binding regions, leading to transcription network formation regulating cell fates. Although nuclear factor I/A (Nfia) is a well-known TF that induces demethylation of astrocytic genes to confer astrocytic differentiation potential on neural stem/precursor cells (NS/PCs), the epigenetic role of NFIA in oligodendrocytic lineage progression remains unclear. Here, we show that oligodendrocyte differentiation/maturation is delayed in the brains of Nfia-knockout (KO) mice, and that NFIA-regulated DNA demethylation in NS/PCs plays an important role in determining the timing of their differentiation. We further demonstrate that the promoter activity of the oligodendrocyte transcription factor 1 (Olig1) gene, involved in oligodendrocyte differentiation/maturation, is suppressed by DNA methylation, which is in turn regulated by Nfia expression. Our results suggest that NFIA controls the timing of oligodendrocytic differentiation/ maturation via demethylation of cell-type-specific gene promoters.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)70-78
Number of pages9
JournalHAYATI Journal of Biosciences
Volume25
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2018

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NFI Transcription Factors
Methylation
Oligodendroglia
methylation
Transcription Factors
transcription factors
Genes
promoter regions
Epigenomics
epigenetics
Neural Stem Cells
genes
cells
Biological Phenomena
stems
Nucleic Acid Regulatory Sequences
Cell proliferation
DNA methylation
DNA Methylation
Transcription

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

Cite this

Nuclear factor I/A coordinates the timing of oligodendrocyte differentiation/maturation via olig1 promoter methylation. / Semi, Katsunori; Sanosaka, Tsukasa; Namihira, Masakazu; Nakashima, Kinichi.

In: HAYATI Journal of Biosciences, Vol. 25, No. 2, 01.04.2018, p. 70-78.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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