Aims: The role of misregulated Wnt/beta-catenin signalling in human ovarian granulosa cell tumour (GCT) has not been well characterized. The aim of this study was to confirm subcellular localization of key molecules of Wnt signalling (beta-catenin and E-cadherin) in human ovarian GCTs. Methods and results: Tissue samples taken from 32 human ovarian GCTs and 19 human normal ovaries containing 68 follicles were stained immunohistochemically using monoclonal anti-beta-catenin and anti-E-cadherin antibodies. None of the 32 GCTs and none of the 68 ovarian follicles showed beta-catenin nuclear expression (0%). On the other hand, 28 of 32 GCTs (88%) and 53 of 68 normal ovarian follicles (78%) showed nuclear expression of E-cadherin in granulosa cells. The ovarian stroma in all 19 normal ovaries showed nuclear expression of E-cadherin but not beta-catenin. Membranous and cytoplasmic expression was observed variously in ovarian GCT, follicles and stroma. Conclusions: We have confirmed frequent nuclear localization of E-cadherin but not beta-catenin in human ovarian GCT, ovarian follicles and stroma. There is no evidence of misregulated Wnt/beta-catenin signalling (represented by nuclear expression of beta-catenin) in human ovarian GCT. Nuclear translocation of E-cadherin might contribute to ovarian folliculogenesis or granulosa/stromal cell differentiation.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine