Nucleation and growth kinetics of the α-β transformation in Mg2SiO4 determined by in situ synchrotron powder X-ray diffraction

Tomoaki Kubo, Eiji Ohtani, Ken Ichi Funakoshi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

61 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The kinetics of the α-β transformation in Mg2SiO4 was studied by in situ synchrotron powder X-ray diffraction (XRD) at nine pressure-temperature conditions in the ranges 13.4-15.8 GPa and 850-1100 °C. The transformation from olivine occurred by grain-boundary nucleation and interface-controlled growth mechanisms. Infrared analysis of the recovered samples indicates that a small amount of water, 750 ± 100 ppm by weight, was present in the samples although the experiments were carried out under nominally dry conditions. Nucleation and growth rates were determined by fitting the rate equation for the grain-boundary nucleated transformation to the kinetic data. The activation energy and activation volume for growth were estimated to be 348 (137) kJ/mol and 1.7 (4.5) cm3/mol, respectively. The growth kinetics determined in this study bear upon the field of metastable olivine in the subducting slab as the water contents of samples studied are well known. Nucleation rates were estimated to be relatively large, even at small overpressure conditions, which is consistent with the small activation energy for nucleation derived in this study.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)285-293
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Mineralogist
Volume89
Issue number2-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2004
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Nucleation and growth kinetics of the α-β transformation in Mg<sub>2</sub>SiO<sub>4</sub> determined by in situ synchrotron powder X-ray diffraction'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this