Aquatic vegetation plays a very important role in providing food, shelter, and nursery habitat and is also regarded as hydraulic resistance in the stream environment. To achieve better ecological restoration, this trade-off should be solved both hydraulically and ecologically. This study quantifies the effect of aquatic vegetation on the spatial distribution of Japanese medaka (Oryzias latipes) to evaluate its importance to fish habitat preference. The preference for aquatic vegetation index is calculated using a fuzzy preference intensity model (FPIM) with interactions among water depth, current velocity and cover ratio in an agricultural canal. In this model, simplified fuzzy reasoning is introduced to explicitly take the essential vagueness of fish behavior into consideration, and a simple genetic algorithm is used to search for an optimum model representation. Uncertainties in measurement errors and dispersions of the physical environment are positively taken into the model using symmetric triangular fuzzy numbers. To overcome the difficulty in model construction with insufficient data observed in an agricultural canal, this model was conjugated with a model developed in a laboratory experiment. The model obtained was then assessed using the AIC (Akaike's Information Criterion) to evaluate the significance of vegetation index with a statistical approach. The results suggest the significance of vegetation index to habitat selection by Japanese medaka and that utilization of the AIC enables us to grasp the validity of an additional factor contributing to habitat prediction with a view to a definite scale.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Nature and Landscape Conservation
- Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law