## Abstract

A shell model is introduced to study a turbulence driven by the thermal instability (Rayleigh-Bénard convection). This model equation describes cascade and chaos in the strong turbulence with high Rayleigh number. The chaos is numerically studied based on this model. The characteristics of the turbulence are analyzed and compared with those of the Gledzer-Ohkitani-Yamada (GOY) model. Quantities such as a mean value of total fluctuation energy, it's standard deviation, time averaged wave spectrum, probability distribution function, frequency spectrum, the maximum instantaneous Lyapunov exponent, distribution of instantaneous Lyapunov exponents, are evaluated. The dependences of these quantities on the error of numerical integration are also examined. There is not a clear correlation between the numerical accuracy and the accuracy of these quantities, since the interaction between a truncation error and an intrinsic nonlinearity of the system exists. A finding is that the maximum Lyapunov exponent is insensitive to a truncation error.

Original language | English |
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Pages (from-to) | 393-402 |

Number of pages | 10 |

Journal | Chaos |

Volume | 9 |

Issue number | 2 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - Jun 1999 |

## All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
- Mathematical Physics
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Applied Mathematics