Numerical study of nucleation and growth of bubbles in viscous magmas

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Abstract

The nucleation and growth processes of bubbles in viscous magmas with a constant decompression rate have been numerically investigated based on a formulation which accounts for effects of viscosity, as well as diffusivity, interfacial tension, and decompression rate. The numerical solutions show two regimes in the nucleation and growth process, a diffusion-controlled regime and a viscosity-controlled regime, mainly depending on the decompression rate, initial saturation pressure and viscosity. The transition between the two regimes dramatically occurs when the value of the above parameter decreases below about 2 × 103. In the viscosity-controlled regime abundant tiny bubbles (exceeding 1014 (m-3)) form with a relatively high internal pressure. In basaltic eruptions the vesiculation is essentially controlled by diffusion, and the viscosity-controlled regime is limited to very high decompression rate and very small water content. When andesitic magma saturated by water at 10 MPa is decompressed through the propagation of rarefaction wave induced by a landslide, the vesiculation is controlled by the viscosity up to 100 m depth. In a rhyolitic magma for the same situation, vesiculation is controlled by the viscosity over the whole depth of the magma column. -from Author

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1913-1931
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research
Volume100
Issue numberB2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1995

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bubbles
nucleation
bubble
viscosity
Nucleation
Viscosity
pressure reduction
decompression
magma
landslides
internal pressure
surface tension
Landslides
elastic waves
diffusivity
volcanic eruptions
Water content
moisture content
Surface tension
landslide

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Forestry
  • Oceanography
  • Aquatic Science
  • Ecology
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Soil Science
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Palaeontology

Cite this

Numerical study of nucleation and growth of bubbles in viscous magmas. / Toramaru, A.

In: Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 100, No. B2, 01.01.1995, p. 1913-1931.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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