Numerical study of salinity variation in a coastal aquifer: A case study of the Motooka region in western Japan

E. D.P. Perera, K. Jinno, A. Tsutsumi, Y. Hiroshiro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


The Motooka region in the Fukuoka prefecture in western Japan is a coastal area, where groundwater is utilized as the main water resource for greenhouse agriculture and domestic use. Over-exploitation of groundwater has resulted in seawater intrusion and thus in the contamination of the freshwater aquifer. Fluctuations in electric conductivities caused by such intrusion are a crucial problem, since even slight changes in electric conductivities of the water used for agricultural purposes significantly affect the crops' growth and yield. However, no study has thus far been conducted on the electric conductivity fluctuations caused by groundwater pumping and seasonal recharge of groundwater in the Motooka region. To this end, an attempt is made in the present study to develop a numerical variable-density solute transport model and then apply it to simulate the electric conductivity fluctuations with groundwater pumping and rainwater recharge. This model is developed under a finite difference scheme, and the method of characteristics is used as the numerical technique for solving the advection term of the advection-dispersion solute transport equation. The results from this numerical model are compared with the field measurements.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)957-965
Number of pages9
JournalStochastic Environmental Research and Risk Assessment
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2009

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Environmental Science(all)


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