The widely used antifoulant tributyltin chloride (TBT) is highly toxic to aquatic organisms. In the present study, four-week-old Japanese medaka (Oryzias latipes) juveniles were orally exposed to TBT at 1 and 10 ng/g bw/d for 1, 2, and 4 weeks, respectively. Half of the tested medaka juveniles showed bone morphology alterations in both 1 and 10 ng/g bw/d TBT 4-week exposure groups. Nile Red (NR) staining showed that the juveniles exposed to 1 ng/g bw/d TBT for 2 and 4 weeks had significantly enlarged adipocyte areas. The mRNA-Seq analysis indicated that 1 ng/g bw/d TBT exposure for 2 weeks affected bone morphology through developmental processes. The GO and KEGG analyses suggested that the adipogenic effect of TBT observed in this study may be induced by metabolic processes, oxidative phosphorylation, and fatty acid degradation and metabolism pathways. Therefore, both morphological observation and mRNA-Seq analysis showed obesogenic effects and developmental toxicity of TBT to juvenile Japanese medaka.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Aquatic Science
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis