A first attempt to observe a nuclear-elastic-scattering (NES) effect caused by energetic protons on deuteron slowing-down behaviour was made on the Large Helical Device located at the National Institute for Fusion Science. The NES effect on the slowing-down of fast ions can influence the confinement of fast ions, ion heating, fusion reaction rate coefficient, etc. An intense hydrogen beam was injected into a deuterium plasma to create a knock-on tail, i.e. a non-Maxwellian energetic component in the deuteron velocity distribution function. We conducted two types of experiment: (1) observation of the slowing-down of the knock-on tail and (2) observation of the NES effect on the slowing-down time of fast ions. The phenomena are discussed in terms of the difference in the decay process of the D(d,n)3He neutron generation rate after neutral beam heating is terminated between the cases when the knock-on effect is influential and not influential, and also from the difference in the neutron decay times. The results of a series of experiments indicate that the NES effect caused by energetic protons can have an impact on the slowing-down of fast deuterons.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics
- Condensed Matter Physics