Slow Alfvén wave with a frequency just below an ion cyclotron frequency can be destabilized by the anisotropy of ion temperature and called as Alfvén-Ion-Cyclotron (AIC) wave. In the GAMMA 10/PDX central cell, several AIC waves simultaneously appear in an unstable frequency range. In addition, low-frequency waves with the difference frequencies (DF) between the AIC waves are observed, and their characteristics have to be clarified to reveal their unknown contributions to the ion transport suggested in GAMMA 10/PDX. In this study, simultaneous two-point measurements in the azimuthal and axial directions were conducted by using a two-channel microwave reflectometer with multi horn antennas. The azimuthal mode number (m) of the DF waves was confirmed at inner plasma region for the first time, and was zero, which satisfies azimuthal mode matching with the m = -1 AIC waves. In addition, it was shown that the DF waves were radially localized in an inner region, which is different from rather broad profiles of the AIC waves.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Condensed Matter Physics