Observation of low- and high-energy gamow-teller phonon excitations in nuclei

Y. Fujita, H. Fujita, T. Adachi, C. L. Bai, A. Algora, G. P.A. Berg, P. Von Brentano, G. Colò, M. Csatlós, J. M. Deaven, E. Estevez-Aguado, C. Fransen, D. De Frenne, K. Fujita, E. Ganioǧlu, C. J. Guess, J. Gulyás, K. Hatanaka, K. Hirota, M. HonmaD. Ishikawa, E. Jacobs, A. Krasznahorkay, H. Matsubara, K. Matsuyanagi, R. Meharchand, F. Molina, K. Muto, K. Nakanishi, A. Negret, H. Okamura, H. J. Ong, T. Otsuka, N. Pietralla, G. Perdikakis, L. Popescu, B. Rubio, H. Sagawa, P. Sarriguren, C. Scholl, Y. Shimbara, Y. Shimizu, G. Susoy, T. Suzuki, Y. Tameshige, A. Tamii, J. H. Thies, M. Uchida, T. Wakasa, M. Yosoi, R. G.T. Zegers, K. O. Zell, J. Zenihiro

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Abstract

Gamow-Teller (GT) transitions in atomic nuclei are sensitive to both nuclear shell structure and effective residual interactions. The nuclear GT excitations were studied for the mass number A=42, 46, 50, and 54 "f-shell" nuclei in (He3, t) charge-exchange reactions. In the Ca42→Sc42 reaction, most of the GT strength is concentrated in the lowest excited state at 0.6 MeV, suggesting the existence of a low-energy GT phonon excitation. As A increases, a high-energy GT phonon excitation develops in the 6-11 MeV region. In the Fe54→Co54 reaction, the high-energy GT phonon excitation mainly carries the GT strength. The existence of these two GT phonon excitations are attributed to the 2 fermionic degrees of freedom in nuclei.

Original languageEnglish
Article number112502
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume112
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 18 2014

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Fujita, Y., Fujita, H., Adachi, T., Bai, C. L., Algora, A., Berg, G. P. A., ... Zenihiro, J. (2014). Observation of low- and high-energy gamow-teller phonon excitations in nuclei. Physical Review Letters, 112(11), [112502]. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.112.112502