Neutron-rich nuclei in the vicinity of Ni78 were produced using a U238 beam at the RIKEN Radioactive Isotope Beam Factory. The particle-identification plot for the in-flight fission fragments highlights the first observation of eight new isotopes: Mn73, Fe76, Co77,78, Ni80,81,82, and Cu83. Although the β-decay half-lives of Co77 and Ni80 were recently reported by Xu [Phys. Rev. Lett. 113, 032505 (2014)]PRLTAO0031-900710.1103/PhysRevLett.113.032505 using data from the same experiment, the current work provides the first direct, quantitative evidence for the existence of these isotopes. The experimental production cross sections are reproduced in a satisfactory manner by theoretical predictions. An odd-even staggering of the cross sections was observed, and the effect appears to become more pronounced for the most exotic nuclei that were investigated. The staggering effect was interpreted as an increase of the neutron-evaporation probability for odd-N isotopes, owing to the decrease of the neutron-separation energy, Sn. The predicted cross section for Ni80 is significantly overestimated, which may be related to a weak binding of the neutron pair above the N=50 shell closure.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics