Obstructive sleep apnea-related symptoms in Japanese people with Down syndrome

Junji Ono, Akiko Chishaki, Tomoko Ohkusa, Hiroyuki Sawatari, Mari Nishizaka, Shin Ichi Ando

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study evaluated the prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea-related symptoms and assessed the relationship with obesity or unusual sleep postures in Down syndrome patients in Japan. We obtained the demographic characteristics, sleep postures, and obstructive sleep apnea-related symptoms experienced by 90 people as reported by their caregivers. Although 71% reported snoring and 59% arousals, obstructive sleep apnea-related symptoms were not significantly different between obese and non-obese participants. The youngest age group had the fewest obstructive sleep apnea-related symptoms, especially symptoms of snoring. The odds for arousal, nocturia, and apnea tended to be higher in the unusual sleep-postures group. Unusual sleep postures were most frequent in the group 6-15 years of age. People with Down syndrome might sleep in unusual postures to avoid upper airway obstruction caused by other anatomical factors. For nurses and other health professionals working in mainstream service, it is important to screen all persons with Down syndrome for symptoms suggestive of obstructive sleep apnea, particularly those six years of age and older, and to refer them for further evaluation for sleep disorders.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)420-425
Number of pages6
JournalNursing and Health Sciences
Volume17
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2015

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Obstructive Sleep Apnea
Down Syndrome
Posture
Sleep
Snoring
Arousal
Nocturia
Apnea
Airway Obstruction
Caregivers
Japan
Age Groups
Obesity
Cross-Sectional Studies
Nurses
Demography
Health

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nursing(all)

Cite this

Obstructive sleep apnea-related symptoms in Japanese people with Down syndrome. / Ono, Junji; Chishaki, Akiko; Ohkusa, Tomoko; Sawatari, Hiroyuki; Nishizaka, Mari; Ando, Shin Ichi.

In: Nursing and Health Sciences, Vol. 17, No. 4, 12.2015, p. 420-425.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ono, Junji ; Chishaki, Akiko ; Ohkusa, Tomoko ; Sawatari, Hiroyuki ; Nishizaka, Mari ; Ando, Shin Ichi. / Obstructive sleep apnea-related symptoms in Japanese people with Down syndrome. In: Nursing and Health Sciences. 2015 ; Vol. 17, No. 4. pp. 420-425.
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