Occurrence of an unusual phospholipid, phosphatidyl-L-threonine, in cultured hippocampal neurons. Exogenous L-serine is required for the synthesis of neuronal phosphatidyl-L-serine and sphingolipids

Junya Mitoma, Takeshi Kasama, Shigeki Furuya, Yoshio Hirabayashi

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45 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We have recently reported that L-serine released from astroglial cells supports the survival and neuritogenesis of hippocampal neurons under a serum- and glia-free culture condition (Mitoma, J., Furuya, S., and Hirabayashi, Y. (1998) Neurosci. Res. 30, 195-199). In this study, we show that exogenous L-serine is required for the synthesis of phosphatidyl-L- serine (PS) and sphingolipids in hippocampal neurons. When hippocampal neurons were maintained under an astroglial cell-free condition, the levels of sphingolipids and phosphatidyl-L-serine in the neurons were greatly reduced in the absence of external L-serine or glycine. Instead, a novel phospholipid appeared just ahead of PS on TLC. This novel lipid was determined to be phosphatidyl-L-threonine by TLC blotting/negative secondary ion mass spectrometry and amino acid analysis. Biochemical studies on rat brain microsomes have indicated that phosphatidyl-L-threonine is synthesized by the base exchange enzyme that is involved in PS synthesis with much lower affinity, that is, approximately 1/150 of L-serine. Addition of L-serine or glycine to the culture medium restored the synthesis of PS and sphingolipids in the neurons. These observations show that hippocampal neurons require exogenous L-serine for the synthesis of PS and sphingolipids in the absence of astroglial cells and suggested that astroglial cells contribute to neuronal lipid synthesis through the supply of L-serine.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)19363-19366
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume273
Issue number31
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 31 1998
Externally publishedYes

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Sphingolipids
Phosphatidylserines
Threonine
Serine
Neurons
Phospholipids
Glycine
Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry
Lipids
Secondary ion mass spectrometry
Microsomes
Neuroglia
Culture Media
Rats
Brain
Cell Survival
Ion exchange

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

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title = "Occurrence of an unusual phospholipid, phosphatidyl-L-threonine, in cultured hippocampal neurons. Exogenous L-serine is required for the synthesis of neuronal phosphatidyl-L-serine and sphingolipids",
abstract = "We have recently reported that L-serine released from astroglial cells supports the survival and neuritogenesis of hippocampal neurons under a serum- and glia-free culture condition (Mitoma, J., Furuya, S., and Hirabayashi, Y. (1998) Neurosci. Res. 30, 195-199). In this study, we show that exogenous L-serine is required for the synthesis of phosphatidyl-L- serine (PS) and sphingolipids in hippocampal neurons. When hippocampal neurons were maintained under an astroglial cell-free condition, the levels of sphingolipids and phosphatidyl-L-serine in the neurons were greatly reduced in the absence of external L-serine or glycine. Instead, a novel phospholipid appeared just ahead of PS on TLC. This novel lipid was determined to be phosphatidyl-L-threonine by TLC blotting/negative secondary ion mass spectrometry and amino acid analysis. Biochemical studies on rat brain microsomes have indicated that phosphatidyl-L-threonine is synthesized by the base exchange enzyme that is involved in PS synthesis with much lower affinity, that is, approximately 1/150 of L-serine. Addition of L-serine or glycine to the culture medium restored the synthesis of PS and sphingolipids in the neurons. These observations show that hippocampal neurons require exogenous L-serine for the synthesis of PS and sphingolipids in the absence of astroglial cells and suggested that astroglial cells contribute to neuronal lipid synthesis through the supply of L-serine.",
author = "Junya Mitoma and Takeshi Kasama and Shigeki Furuya and Yoshio Hirabayashi",
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T1 - Occurrence of an unusual phospholipid, phosphatidyl-L-threonine, in cultured hippocampal neurons. Exogenous L-serine is required for the synthesis of neuronal phosphatidyl-L-serine and sphingolipids

AU - Mitoma, Junya

AU - Kasama, Takeshi

AU - Furuya, Shigeki

AU - Hirabayashi, Yoshio

PY - 1998/7/31

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