Pelvic infection is a significant clinical problem after pelvic exenteration. The clinical benefit of an omental flap in reducing the incidence of such infections is unknown. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether an omental flap after pelvic exenteration reduces the incidence of pelvic infection and the length of postoperative hospital stay. In this study, we demonstrate a safe, effective, simple method for reducing the incidence of pelvic infection using an omental flap. We performed pelvic exenteration for tumors that were suspected to have extensive invasion to the bladder, prostate, or uterus. The omentum was dissected from the transverse colon and greater curvature of the stomach. The flap was based on the right gastroepiploic vessels and tunneled in the retrocolic plane, through the mesentery of the transverse colon and ileocecum, to the defect. Twenty-seven patients were analyzed retrospectively. Ten patients received omental flaps, and 17 patients underwent pelvic exenteration without an omental flap. The incidence of pelvic infection was significantly reduced in the patients with omental flaps.
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