On material qualification and strength design for hydrogen service

Junichiro Yamabe, Hisao Matsunaga, Yoshiyuki Furuya, Saburo Matsuoka

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

To clarify the usefulness of the safety factor multiplier method for hydrogen components given in the CHMC1-2014 standard, we performed slow-strain-rate tensile and fatigue testing by using smooth and notched specimens in air and in high-pressure hydrogen gas. We also conducted fatigue-crack growth tests by using compact tension specimens in air and in hydrogen gas. Testing of notched specimens sampled from a Cr-Mo steel gave a safety factor multiplier of 3.0. This value agreed well with that predicted by crack growth analysis taking into account hydrogen-enhanced fatigue-crack growth. The safety factor multipliers of types 304, 316, and 316L austenitic stainless steels were predicted to be 2.0, 1.6, and 1.3, respectively, from their fatigue-crack growth behaviors. The safety factor based on the safety factor multiplier method seems to be overly conservative for the various steels in high-pressure hydrogen gas service. We therefore propose a new and promising design method for specific component applications that is based on design by rule and design by analysis. The importance of operational histories of components for hydrogen service is introduced to permit the precise prediction of their fatigue lives.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMaterials and Fabrication
PublisherAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)
ISBN (Electronic)9780791857007, 9780791857007, 9780791857007, 9780791857007
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2015
EventASME 2015 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference, PVP 2015 - Boston, United States
Duration: Jul 19 2015Jul 23 2015

Publication series

NameAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers, Pressure Vessels and Piping Division (Publication) PVP
Volume6B-2015
ISSN (Print)0277-027X

Other

OtherASME 2015 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference, PVP 2015
CountryUnited States
CityBoston
Period7/19/157/23/15

Fingerprint

Safety factor
Hydrogen
Fatigue crack propagation
Gases
Fatigue testing
Steel
Tensile testing
Austenitic stainless steel
Air
Strain rate
Crack propagation
Fatigue of materials
Testing

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Yamabe, J., Matsunaga, H., Furuya, Y., & Matsuoka, S. (2015). On material qualification and strength design for hydrogen service. In Materials and Fabrication (American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Pressure Vessels and Piping Division (Publication) PVP; Vol. 6B-2015). American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). https://doi.org/10.1115/PVP201545723

On material qualification and strength design for hydrogen service. / Yamabe, Junichiro; Matsunaga, Hisao; Furuya, Yoshiyuki; Matsuoka, Saburo.

Materials and Fabrication. American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), 2015. (American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Pressure Vessels and Piping Division (Publication) PVP; Vol. 6B-2015).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Yamabe, J, Matsunaga, H, Furuya, Y & Matsuoka, S 2015, On material qualification and strength design for hydrogen service. in Materials and Fabrication. American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Pressure Vessels and Piping Division (Publication) PVP, vol. 6B-2015, American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), ASME 2015 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference, PVP 2015, Boston, United States, 7/19/15. https://doi.org/10.1115/PVP201545723
Yamabe J, Matsunaga H, Furuya Y, Matsuoka S. On material qualification and strength design for hydrogen service. In Materials and Fabrication. American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). 2015. (American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Pressure Vessels and Piping Division (Publication) PVP). https://doi.org/10.1115/PVP201545723
Yamabe, Junichiro ; Matsunaga, Hisao ; Furuya, Yoshiyuki ; Matsuoka, Saburo. / On material qualification and strength design for hydrogen service. Materials and Fabrication. American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), 2015. (American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Pressure Vessels and Piping Division (Publication) PVP).
@inproceedings{d6b4d18a8c324c9a93d3de996e15b385,
title = "On material qualification and strength design for hydrogen service",
abstract = "To clarify the usefulness of the safety factor multiplier method for hydrogen components given in the CHMC1-2014 standard, we performed slow-strain-rate tensile and fatigue testing by using smooth and notched specimens in air and in high-pressure hydrogen gas. We also conducted fatigue-crack growth tests by using compact tension specimens in air and in hydrogen gas. Testing of notched specimens sampled from a Cr-Mo steel gave a safety factor multiplier of 3.0. This value agreed well with that predicted by crack growth analysis taking into account hydrogen-enhanced fatigue-crack growth. The safety factor multipliers of types 304, 316, and 316L austenitic stainless steels were predicted to be 2.0, 1.6, and 1.3, respectively, from their fatigue-crack growth behaviors. The safety factor based on the safety factor multiplier method seems to be overly conservative for the various steels in high-pressure hydrogen gas service. We therefore propose a new and promising design method for specific component applications that is based on design by rule and design by analysis. The importance of operational histories of components for hydrogen service is introduced to permit the precise prediction of their fatigue lives.",
author = "Junichiro Yamabe and Hisao Matsunaga and Yoshiyuki Furuya and Saburo Matsuoka",
year = "2015",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1115/PVP201545723",
language = "English",
series = "American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Pressure Vessels and Piping Division (Publication) PVP",
publisher = "American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)",
booktitle = "Materials and Fabrication",

}

TY - GEN

T1 - On material qualification and strength design for hydrogen service

AU - Yamabe, Junichiro

AU - Matsunaga, Hisao

AU - Furuya, Yoshiyuki

AU - Matsuoka, Saburo

PY - 2015/1/1

Y1 - 2015/1/1

N2 - To clarify the usefulness of the safety factor multiplier method for hydrogen components given in the CHMC1-2014 standard, we performed slow-strain-rate tensile and fatigue testing by using smooth and notched specimens in air and in high-pressure hydrogen gas. We also conducted fatigue-crack growth tests by using compact tension specimens in air and in hydrogen gas. Testing of notched specimens sampled from a Cr-Mo steel gave a safety factor multiplier of 3.0. This value agreed well with that predicted by crack growth analysis taking into account hydrogen-enhanced fatigue-crack growth. The safety factor multipliers of types 304, 316, and 316L austenitic stainless steels were predicted to be 2.0, 1.6, and 1.3, respectively, from their fatigue-crack growth behaviors. The safety factor based on the safety factor multiplier method seems to be overly conservative for the various steels in high-pressure hydrogen gas service. We therefore propose a new and promising design method for specific component applications that is based on design by rule and design by analysis. The importance of operational histories of components for hydrogen service is introduced to permit the precise prediction of their fatigue lives.

AB - To clarify the usefulness of the safety factor multiplier method for hydrogen components given in the CHMC1-2014 standard, we performed slow-strain-rate tensile and fatigue testing by using smooth and notched specimens in air and in high-pressure hydrogen gas. We also conducted fatigue-crack growth tests by using compact tension specimens in air and in hydrogen gas. Testing of notched specimens sampled from a Cr-Mo steel gave a safety factor multiplier of 3.0. This value agreed well with that predicted by crack growth analysis taking into account hydrogen-enhanced fatigue-crack growth. The safety factor multipliers of types 304, 316, and 316L austenitic stainless steels were predicted to be 2.0, 1.6, and 1.3, respectively, from their fatigue-crack growth behaviors. The safety factor based on the safety factor multiplier method seems to be overly conservative for the various steels in high-pressure hydrogen gas service. We therefore propose a new and promising design method for specific component applications that is based on design by rule and design by analysis. The importance of operational histories of components for hydrogen service is introduced to permit the precise prediction of their fatigue lives.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84956966877&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84956966877&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1115/PVP201545723

DO - 10.1115/PVP201545723

M3 - Conference contribution

AN - SCOPUS:84956966877

T3 - American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Pressure Vessels and Piping Division (Publication) PVP

BT - Materials and Fabrication

PB - American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)

ER -