On the Determination of a Moving MHD Structure: Minimization of the Residue of Integrated Faraday's Equation

T. Terasawa, H. Kawano, I. Shinohara, T. Mukai, Y. Saito, M. Hoshino, A. Nishida, T. Yamamoto, S. Machida, T. Nagai, S. Kokubun, H. Kawano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)


A new method to estimate the spatial structure of the moving magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) system is presented. We integrate the Faraday's induction equation, [Formula Omitted], assuming that the system is one-dimensional. The spatial gradient direction, along which the integration is made, is determined by minimizing the residue of the integrated Faraday's equation against the observed magnetic field. This new method can be regarded as an extension of the conventional magnetic minimum variance method. Sample data analyses using this new method for magnetotail events are also presented.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)603-614
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of geomagnetism and geoelectricity
Issue number42496
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1996
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

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