In order to evaluate the effects of increasing cementation on the mechanical properties of lightly cemented soils, artificially cemented clay was prepared and a series of standard consolidation tests, undrained triaxial compression tests and constant mean effective stress tests was performed. Based on the experimental considerations, the effects of light cementation on the stress-strain behaviour and strength property are discussed. In addition, based on the theoretical considerations within the framework of the critical state concept, several basic concepts for the development of a constitutive model for lightly cemented clays are presented. The special characteristic of the presented model is the introduction of an internal variable which controls the effects of cementation. The following conclusions are obtained: 1) The failure state of lightly cemented clay may be determined in the balance of cementation, void ratio and stress condition. 2) The failure state line in the p-q space is parallel to that of an uncemented clay and has a certain intercept pr, which characterizes the cementation effect. The slope of the failure state line in the e-ln (p+pr) space becomes steeper with any increase in cementation effect. 3) A constitutive model incorporating cementation is proposed. Introduction of a soil constant pr is effective in estimating the mechanical properties of lightly cemented clay.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Civil and Structural Engineering
- Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology