TY - JOUR

T1 - One- and two-dimensional gap solitons in spin-orbit-coupled systems with Zeeman splitting

AU - Sakaguchi, Hidetsugu

AU - Malomed, Boris A.

N1 - Funding Information:
The work of B.A.M. is supported, in part, by the joint program in physics between NSF and US-Israel Binational Science Foundation through Project No. 2015616, and by the Israel Science Foundation, through Grant No. 1287/17.
Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 American Physical Society.

PY - 2018/1/10

Y1 - 2018/1/10

N2 - We elaborate a mechanism for the formation of stable solitons of the semivortex type (with vorticities 0 and 1 in their two components), populating a finite band gap in the spectrum of the spin-orbit-coupled binary Bose-Einstein condensate with the Zeeman splitting, in the two-dimensional (2D) free space, under conditions which make the kinetic-energy terms in the respective coupled Gross-Pitaevskii equations negligible. Unlike a recent work which used long-range dipole-dipole interactions to construct stable gap solitons in a similar setting, we here demonstrate that stable solitons are supported by generic local interactions of both attractive and repulsive signs, provided that the relative strength of the cross- and self-interactions in the two-component system does not exceed a critical value ≈0.77. A boundary between stable and unstable fundamental 2D gap solitons is precisely predicted by the Vakhitov-Kolokolov criterion, while all excited states of the 2D solitons, with vorticities m,1+m in the two components, m=1,2,..., are unstable. The analysis of the one-dimensional (1D) reduction of the system produces an exact analytical solution for the family of gap solitons which populate the entire band gap, the family being fully stable. Motion of the 1D solitons in the trapping potential is considered too, showing that their effective mass is positive or negative if the cubic nonlinearity is attractive or repulsive, respectively.

AB - We elaborate a mechanism for the formation of stable solitons of the semivortex type (with vorticities 0 and 1 in their two components), populating a finite band gap in the spectrum of the spin-orbit-coupled binary Bose-Einstein condensate with the Zeeman splitting, in the two-dimensional (2D) free space, under conditions which make the kinetic-energy terms in the respective coupled Gross-Pitaevskii equations negligible. Unlike a recent work which used long-range dipole-dipole interactions to construct stable gap solitons in a similar setting, we here demonstrate that stable solitons are supported by generic local interactions of both attractive and repulsive signs, provided that the relative strength of the cross- and self-interactions in the two-component system does not exceed a critical value ≈0.77. A boundary between stable and unstable fundamental 2D gap solitons is precisely predicted by the Vakhitov-Kolokolov criterion, while all excited states of the 2D solitons, with vorticities m,1+m in the two components, m=1,2,..., are unstable. The analysis of the one-dimensional (1D) reduction of the system produces an exact analytical solution for the family of gap solitons which populate the entire band gap, the family being fully stable. Motion of the 1D solitons in the trapping potential is considered too, showing that their effective mass is positive or negative if the cubic nonlinearity is attractive or repulsive, respectively.

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U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevA.97.013607

DO - 10.1103/PhysRevA.97.013607

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85042042460

SN - 2469-9926

VL - 97

JO - Physical Review A

JF - Physical Review A

IS - 1

M1 - 013607

ER -