A room-temperature nanocarving strategy is developed for the fabrication of complex gold nanoplates having corolla- and propeller-like architectures. It is based on the simultaneous growth and etching of gold nanoplates in aqueous solution, which occur in the course of photoreduction of Au(OH)4 - ions. The presence of bromide ion, poly(vinylpyrrolidone) (PVP), and molecular oxygen is indispensable, where bromide ions play multiple roles. First, they promote formation of nanoplate structures by forming adlayers on the fcc(111) surface. Second, they facilitate oxidative dissolution of gold nanocrystals by converting the oxidized Au(I) species to soluble AuBr 2- ions, which lead to the formation of ultrathin nanocrevasses. PVP also stabilizes the nucleation of gold nanoplates. Although the overall reactions proceed in one-pot, the crystal growth and etching show interplay and occur with different kinetics due to changes in the concentration of Au(OH)4- and other species with time. Corolla- or propeller-like gold nanoplates formed under these conditions are single-crystalline, as indicated by selected area electron diffraction patterns and the observation of moiré fringes. The morphology of corolla- or propeller-like gold nanoplates is controllable depending on the concentration of bromide ion and PVP in the aqueous mixture. On the basis of these results, a preliminary mechanism is proposed which involves the concurrent crystal growth and oxidative etching on the surface of nanocrystals.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry