Online chemical adsorption studies of Hg, Tl, and Pb on SiO2 and Au surfaces in preparation for chemical investigations on Cn, Nh, and Fl at TASCA

Lotte Lens, Alexander Yakushev, Christoph Emanuel Düllmann, Masato Asai, Jochen Ballof, Michael Block, Helena May David, John Despotopulos, Antonio Di Nitto, Klaus Eberhardt, Julia Even, Michael Götz, Stefan Götz, Hiromitsu Haba, Laura Harkness-Brennan, Fritz Peter Heßberger, Rodi D. Herzberg, Jan Hoffmann, Annett Hübner, Egon JägerDaniel Judson, Jadambaa Khuyagbaatar, Birgit Kindler, Yukiko Komori, Joonas Konki, Jens Volker Kratz, Jörg Krier, Nikolaus Kurz, Mustapha Laatiaoui, Susanta Lahiri, Bettina Lommel, Moumita Maiti, Andrew K. Mistry, Christoph Mokry, Ken Moody, Yuichiro Nagame, Jon Petter Omtvedt, Philippos Papadakis, Valeria Pershina, Jörg Runke, Matthias Schädel, Paul Scharrer, Tetsuya Sato, Dawn Shaughnessy, Brigitta Schausten, Petra Thörle-Pospiech, Norbert Trautmann, Kazuaki Tsukada, Juha Uusitalo, Andrew Ward, MacIej Wegrzecki, Norbert Wiehl, Vera Yakusheva

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Online gas-solid adsorption studies with single-atom quantities of Hg, Tl, and Pb, the lighter homologs of the superheavy elements (SHE) copernicium (Cn, Z=112), nihonium (Nh, Z=113), and flerovium (Fl, Z=114), were carried out using short-lived radioisotopes. The interaction with Au and SiO2 surfaces was studied and the overall chemical yield was determined. Suitable radioisotopes were produced in fusion-evaporation reactions, isolated in the gas-filled recoil separator TASCA, and flushed rapidly to an adjacent setup of two gas chromatography detector arrays covered with SiO2 (first array) and Au (second array). While Tl and Pb adsorbed on the SiO2 surface, Hg interacts only weakly and reached the Au-covered array. Our results contribute to elucidating the influence of relativistic effects on chemical properties of the heaviest elements by providing experimental data on these lighter homologs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)949-962
Number of pages14
JournalRadiochimica Acta
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2018
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


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