Purpose: Individuals with implantable ventricular assist devices (VADs) are at extremely high risk of bleeding, thromboembolism, and infection after undergoing invasive dental procedures. This study aimed to investigate the systemic and local complications of tooth extraction before and after VAD implantation. Patients and Methods: This retrospective cohort study was conducted at a single center. Oral surgical procedures were performed in patients before and/or after left VAD implantation for bridge-to-heart transplantation between April 2013 and December 2017. In this study, the medical charts of the patients were retrospectively reviewed. Data about pre-extraction complete blood count, coagulation profile, biochemical profile, and incidence of local and systemic complications were compared in patients undergoing tooth extraction before VAD implantation (b-VAD group) versus after VAD implantation (a-VAD group). Results: In total, 28 inpatients underwent 36 oral surgical procedures before and/or after VAD implantation. Moreover, 24 tooth extractions were performed in the b-VAD group, and 12 were performed in the a-VAD group. The incidence of post-extraction bleeding was higher in the a-VAD group (P =.001, Mann-Whitney U test), and a significant difference was observed in terms of activated partial thromboplastin time (P =.010, Mann-Whitney U test). Systemic complications associated with VADs included cerebral infarction (n = 2) and driveline infection (n = 1). Post-extraction bleeding was observed within 90 days after VAD implantation in all patients who underwent tooth extraction. Conclusions: The risk of bleeding after tooth extraction was higher in the a-VAD group (67%) than in the b-VAD group (13%). In 3 cases, VAD-related systemic complications developed within a short period after tooth extraction. The extraction management in the b-VAD group could be controlled without causing any problem. Hence, the opportune time of tooth extraction is before VAD implantation.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Oral Surgery