Single phase M2Si (M = Mg, Ca, Sr) silicides were grown using Si substrates, by thermal treatment of the substrates in the vapors of the metallic sources, M, and the electronic structures and optical property of the silicides were investigated. The electronic band structures of the silicides were calculated using the first-principles total-energy calculation program in pseudopotential schemes with plane-wave basis functions. The calculated optical reflectance spectra were also deduced from the theoretical band structures, and roughly agreed with the experimental results except for the low reflectance intensity around 2 eV. This suggests that the energy band gap of the silicides roughly agree with the calculated values of 0.15, 0.31 and 0.35 eV for Mg 2Si, Ca2Si and Sr2Si, respectively, within the underestimation of the band gap by the density functional calculation. The optical property of the silicides is also discussed in relation to the morphological structures of the silicides.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
- Condensed Matter Physics