Optical damage assessment and recovery investigation of hydrogen-ion and deuterium-ion plasma-irradiated bulk ZnO single crystals

Melvin John F. Empizo, Kohei Yamanoi, Kazuyuki Mori, Keisuke Iwano, Yuki Iwasa, Yuki Minami, Ren Arita, Kazuhito Fukuda, Keisuke Takano, Toshihiko Shimizu, Makoto Nakajima, Masashi Yoshimura, Nobuhiko Sarukura, Takayoshi Norimatsu, Masanori Hangyo, Hiroshi Azechi, Tsuguo Fukuda, Bess G. Singidas, Roland V. Sarmago, Makoto OyaYoshio Ueda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In realizing zinc oxide (ZnO) scintillator applications, we assess the optical damage and investigate the recovery of hydrogen-ion (H-ion) and deuterium-ion (D-ion) plasma-irradiated bulk ZnO single crystals. Hydrothermal-grown bulk crystals are irradiated with H-ion and D-ion beams with 1 keV energy and ∼ 10 20 m − 2 s − 1 flux. After irradiation, the single crystals exhibit decreased visible transparencies, redshifted ultraviolet (UV) emission peaks, shortened UV emission lifetimes, and suppressed visible emission bands. These changes in the optical transmittances and photoluminescence emissions are attributed to the generation of defects during irradiation and to the interaction of hydrogen with other defects and/or impurities. Although modified by ion irradiation, the optical properties of the ZnO crystals, except for the UV emission lifetimes, recover hours after without any sample treatment and only at room temperature. Compared with the H-ion-irradiated sample, the D-ion-irradiated crystal has a slower recovery which may be related to the ions' masses, energy losses, and absolute diffusivities. Our results nevertheless show that bulk ZnO single crystals exhibit resistance to and recovery from H-ion and D-ion irradiation and can therefore be used as scintillator materials for radiation detectors inside future fusion reactors.

Original languageEnglish
Article number175102
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Volume121
Issue number17
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 7 2017
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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