Optical gas sensing using gold nanoparticles/polyelectrolyte layer-by-layer films: A case study with poly(acrylic acid) for ammonia detection

Tao Wang, Takuya Okada, Kenshi Hayashi, Stephen W. James, Seung Woo Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In this study, we demonstrated a new approach for gas sensing using multilayer films selfassembled with cationic gold nanoparticles (AuNPs+) and anionic polyelectrolytes via layerby- layer (LbL) deposition. The surface of AuNPs+ was modified with a cationic disulfide, [-S(CH2)2NHCO(CH2)10(CH3)3N+Br-]2. Two types of LbL film using AuNPs+ were selfassembled with anionic polyelectrolytes, poly(acrylic acid) (PAA), and poly(sodium 4-styrene sulfonate) (PSS) on quartz substrates, and their film growth was confirmed by UV-vis measurements. The 10-cycle AuNPs+/PAA ilm showed reproducible responses after exposure to ammonia gas (3000 ppm) and HCl treatment (0.1 M), showing absorbance changes of 0.0428 ± 0.0033 at 299 nm and 0.0053 ± 0.0013 at 544 nm for ive repeated tests. On the other hand, no signiicant changes were observed for the 10-cycle AuNPs+/PSS ilm. Ammonia binding was based on the acid-base interaction between ammonia and the free carboxylic acid groups of PAA. The ilm's composition and morphology were also investigated by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and atomic force microscopy (AFM) measurements to clarify the sensing mechanism.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)181-190
Number of pages10
JournalSensors and Materials
Volume28
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Instrumentation
  • Materials Science(all)

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