We have encapsulated a surfactant-protease complex (the main protease used being a-chymotrypsin) in an organic phase of a supported liquid membrane (SLM) for the optical resolution of various amino acids. L-Isomers of amino acids were enantioselectively permeated through the SLM. The mechanism of the amino acid permeation through the SLM was considered to be as follows; an L-amino acid was enantioselectively esterified with ethanol by a surfactant-protease complex encapsulated in the SLM, and the resulting L-amino acid ethyl ester dissolved into the organic phase of the SLM and diffused across the SLM. Another surfactant-α-chymotrypsin complex in the receiving phase catalyzed ester hydrolysis to produce the initial L-amino acid and ethanol, which are water-soluble. Thus, the L-amino acid was selectively transported to the receiving phase through the SLM on the basis of the molecular recognition of the surfactant-protease complex in the SLM. It was found that the catalytic activity and enantioselectivity of the surfactant-protease complex governed the permeate flux of amino acids and the enantiomeric excess in the membrane separation.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Surfaces and Interfaces