Optimization and system control of a wet flue gas desulfurization system

Junichi Oka, Arisa Yoshida, Yosuke Matsukuma, Gen Inoue, Masaki Minemoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Simulation was performed to optimize a flue gas desulfurization (FGD) system, which removes sulfur dioxide (SO2) from flue gas. Optimum conditions were sought by studying the influence of various parameters on desulfurization efficiency and CaCO3 availability for the limestone-gypsum method (LGM) in comparison with the magnesium hydroxide method (MHM). When an FGD system with a cross-sectional area of 30 m2, an absorption tower of height 15 m and a water depth in the oxidation tank of 5 m was used to treat flue gas containing 1,000 ppm of SO2 at a flow rate of 500,000 m3 (STP)· h-1, we obtained the following optimum values: dissolved SO2 concentration: under 0.001 kmol · m-3 (LGM), 0.05 kmol · m-3 (MHM); diameter of droplet: 1.5 mm; pH: 6.5 (MHM), solid CaCO3 concentration: 1.0 wt% (LGM), height of absorption tower: 15 m (LGM), 10 m (MHM); and liquid flow rate of recirculation: 6,000 m3·h -1 (LGM), 4,500 m3·h-1 (MHM). Next, we studied the control system for temporary fluctuations of SO2 gas concentration and the flue gas flow rate by using the above design and operating conditions obtained for LGM. As a result, it was indicated that the stable maintenance of desulfurization performance was possible by the feed-back control using a PID controller.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)544-552
Number of pages9
Journalkagaku kogaku ronbunshu
Volume33
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2007

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Calcium Sulfate
Magnesium Hydroxide
Calcium Carbonate
Gypsum
Desulfurization
Limestone
Flue gases
Magnesium
Control systems
Flow rate
Towers
Sulfur Dioxide
Sulfur dioxide
Feedback control
Flow of gases
Gases
Availability
Oxidation
Controllers
Water

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Cite this

Optimization and system control of a wet flue gas desulfurization system. / Oka, Junichi; Yoshida, Arisa; Matsukuma, Yosuke; Inoue, Gen; Minemoto, Masaki.

In: kagaku kogaku ronbunshu, Vol. 33, No. 6, 01.12.2007, p. 544-552.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Oka, Junichi ; Yoshida, Arisa ; Matsukuma, Yosuke ; Inoue, Gen ; Minemoto, Masaki. / Optimization and system control of a wet flue gas desulfurization system. In: kagaku kogaku ronbunshu. 2007 ; Vol. 33, No. 6. pp. 544-552.
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