Optimization of 4D-MR angiography based on superselective pseudo-continuous arterial spin labeling combined with CENTRA-keyhole and view-sharing (4D-S-PACK) for vessel-selective visualization of the internal carotid artery and vertebrobasilar artery systems

Hiroo Murazaki, Tatsuhiro Wada, Osamu Togao, Makoto Obara, Michael Helle, Yasuo Yamashita, Kouji Kobayashi, Akihiro Nishie, Kousei Ishigami, Toyoyuki Kato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: This study investigated the optimal labeling position and gradient moment for 4D-MR angiography based on superselective pseudo-continuous arterial spin labeling combined with CENTRA-keyhole and view-sharing (4D-S-PACK) for vessel-selective flow visualization of the internal carotid artery (ICA) and vertebrobasilar artery (VBA) systems. Methods: Seven healthy volunteers were scanned with a 3.0 T MR scanner. To visualize the ICA system, the labeling focus was placed in the right ICA at 55, 75 and 95 mm below the imaging slab. To visualize the VBA system, the labeling focus was placed in the basilar artery (BA), upper vertebral artery (VA upper), and lower vertebral artery (VA lower). Two sizes of labeling focus were created using gradient moments of 0.5 and 0.75 mT/m ms. The contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) was measured in the middle cerebral artery (MCA) and posterior cerebral artery (PCA) branches. Results: CNRs increased as the distance between the center of the imaging slab and the labeling position decreased in all MCA segments. CNRs obtained with VA lower tended to be higher than those obtained with BA and VA upper in all PCA segments. Selective vessel visualization was achieved with the gradient moment of 0.75 mT/m ms for the ICA and VBA system. Conclusion: The optimal 4D-S-PACK gradient moment was found to be 0.75 mT/m ms for the ICA and VBA systems. When visualizing the ICA system, the labeling position should be placed as close as possible to the imaging slab. When visualizing the VBA system, the labeling position should be placed at VA lower.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)287-296
Number of pages10
JournalMagnetic Resonance Imaging
Volume85
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biophysics
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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