Pressure drops and temperature rises caused by the cooling with liquid nitrogen are evaluated for two typical examples of HTS cables. One is the three-in-one-type AC cable located inside a corrugated pipe, and the other is the single-core-type DC cable located inside a straight pipe. The theoretical expressions of pressure drop and temperature rise indicate the contributions from three components such as the friction between the liquid nitrogen and the wetted surfaces, the ratio of the heat input to the mass flow rate of liquid nitrogen and the vertical change of position along the cooling pipe. The numerically estimated results are validated by comparing them with the test results carried out by the other groups. Furthermore, the maximum feeding distance of HTS cable can be determined by adjusting the flow rate of pump if the maximum permissible pressure drop and temperature rise are fixed in advance.
|Journal||Journal of Physics: Conference Series|
|Publication status||Published - Oct 15 2019|
|Event||31st International Symposium on Superconductivity, ISS 2018 - Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan|
Duration: Dec 12 2018 → Dec 14 2018
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)