Ordered carbonaceous frameworks: a new class of carbon materials with molecular-level design

Takeharu Yoshii, Koki Chida, Hirotomo Nishihara, Fumito Tani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Ordered carbonaceous frameworks (OCFs) are a new class of carbon materials with a three-dimensional ordered structure synthesized by simple carbonization of metalloporphyrin crystals with polymerizable moieties. Carbonization via solid-state polymerization results in the formation of graphene-based ordered frameworks in which regularly aligned single-atomic metals are embedded. These unique structural features afford molecular-level designability like organic-based frameworks together with high electrical conductivity, thermal/chemical stability, and mechanical flexibility, towards a variety of applications including electrocatalysis and force-driven phase transition. This feature article summarizes the synthetic strategies and characteristics of OCFs in comparison with conventional organic-based frameworks and porous carbons, to discuss the potential applications and further development of the OCF family.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3578-3590
Number of pages13
JournalChemical Communications
Issue number22
Publication statusPublished - Feb 15 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Catalysis
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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