Ordered mixed rows of (Pb + Sn) and (Pb + Sb) on Cu(001)

A coadsorption study and structure determination using low energy electron diffraction

Md Kabiruzzaman, Rezwan Ahmed, Takeshi Nakagawa, Seigi Mizuno

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The surface alloys of (Pb, Sn) and (Pb, Sb) on Cu(001) obtained via the coadsorption method were independently determined using tensor low-energy electron diffraction (LEED). Both surface alloys were obtained under the p(4 × 4) phase. The determined structures consisted of mixed rows of the adsorbates in a one-dimensional chain arrangement. These mixed rows are buckled differently in each row. The best-fit structure indicates that the Sn or Sb atoms are located on the four-fold hollow sites while the Pb atoms are displaced toward the vacancies. The bond lengths of Sn or Sb atoms with Cu underneath of the alternative mixed chains are reduced by 4.8% or 5.9%, respectively, compared to the bulk values. We consider that, the large reductions of these bond lengths and the tendency of the adsorbates to make alloy at the surface stabilize the structure. The other structural parameters, bonding effects of the surrounding Cu atoms with the adsorbates, and similar characteristics of the elements located in the same period of periodic table are discussed in detail. On the basis of the structural characterization, the mechanisms of the formation of the p(4 × 4) phase are proposed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)128-134
Number of pages7
JournalSurface Science
Volume677
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2018

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Low energy electron diffraction
Adsorbates
electron diffraction
Atoms
Bond length
atoms
energy
Vacancies
Tensors
hollow
tendencies
tensors

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

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title = "Ordered mixed rows of (Pb + Sn) and (Pb + Sb) on Cu(001): A coadsorption study and structure determination using low energy electron diffraction",
abstract = "The surface alloys of (Pb, Sn) and (Pb, Sb) on Cu(001) obtained via the coadsorption method were independently determined using tensor low-energy electron diffraction (LEED). Both surface alloys were obtained under the p(4 × 4) phase. The determined structures consisted of mixed rows of the adsorbates in a one-dimensional chain arrangement. These mixed rows are buckled differently in each row. The best-fit structure indicates that the Sn or Sb atoms are located on the four-fold hollow sites while the Pb atoms are displaced toward the vacancies. The bond lengths of Sn or Sb atoms with Cu underneath of the alternative mixed chains are reduced by 4.8{\%} or 5.9{\%}, respectively, compared to the bulk values. We consider that, the large reductions of these bond lengths and the tendency of the adsorbates to make alloy at the surface stabilize the structure. The other structural parameters, bonding effects of the surrounding Cu atoms with the adsorbates, and similar characteristics of the elements located in the same period of periodic table are discussed in detail. On the basis of the structural characterization, the mechanisms of the formation of the p(4 × 4) phase are proposed.",
author = "Md Kabiruzzaman and Rezwan Ahmed and Takeshi Nakagawa and Seigi Mizuno",
year = "2018",
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journal = "Surface Science",
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T1 - Ordered mixed rows of (Pb + Sn) and (Pb + Sb) on Cu(001)

T2 - A coadsorption study and structure determination using low energy electron diffraction

AU - Kabiruzzaman, Md

AU - Ahmed, Rezwan

AU - Nakagawa, Takeshi

AU - Mizuno, Seigi

PY - 2018/11/1

Y1 - 2018/11/1

N2 - The surface alloys of (Pb, Sn) and (Pb, Sb) on Cu(001) obtained via the coadsorption method were independently determined using tensor low-energy electron diffraction (LEED). Both surface alloys were obtained under the p(4 × 4) phase. The determined structures consisted of mixed rows of the adsorbates in a one-dimensional chain arrangement. These mixed rows are buckled differently in each row. The best-fit structure indicates that the Sn or Sb atoms are located on the four-fold hollow sites while the Pb atoms are displaced toward the vacancies. The bond lengths of Sn or Sb atoms with Cu underneath of the alternative mixed chains are reduced by 4.8% or 5.9%, respectively, compared to the bulk values. We consider that, the large reductions of these bond lengths and the tendency of the adsorbates to make alloy at the surface stabilize the structure. The other structural parameters, bonding effects of the surrounding Cu atoms with the adsorbates, and similar characteristics of the elements located in the same period of periodic table are discussed in detail. On the basis of the structural characterization, the mechanisms of the formation of the p(4 × 4) phase are proposed.

AB - The surface alloys of (Pb, Sn) and (Pb, Sb) on Cu(001) obtained via the coadsorption method were independently determined using tensor low-energy electron diffraction (LEED). Both surface alloys were obtained under the p(4 × 4) phase. The determined structures consisted of mixed rows of the adsorbates in a one-dimensional chain arrangement. These mixed rows are buckled differently in each row. The best-fit structure indicates that the Sn or Sb atoms are located on the four-fold hollow sites while the Pb atoms are displaced toward the vacancies. The bond lengths of Sn or Sb atoms with Cu underneath of the alternative mixed chains are reduced by 4.8% or 5.9%, respectively, compared to the bulk values. We consider that, the large reductions of these bond lengths and the tendency of the adsorbates to make alloy at the surface stabilize the structure. The other structural parameters, bonding effects of the surrounding Cu atoms with the adsorbates, and similar characteristics of the elements located in the same period of periodic table are discussed in detail. On the basis of the structural characterization, the mechanisms of the formation of the p(4 × 4) phase are proposed.

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