Organics in chimneys and water samples from deep-sea hydrothermal systems: implications for sub-vent biosphere.

Tsukasa Horiuchi, Kensei Kobayashi, Yoshinori Takano, Katsumi Marumo, Miwako Nakashima, Akihiko Yamagishi, Junichiro Ishibashi, Tetsuro Urabe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Searching for life in extreme terrestrial environments can be a model of that for extraterrestrial life. Submarine hydrothermal system is one of promising sites for the frontier of life on the earth. Here seawater and vent chimnies were collected from deep-sea hydrothermal vents at Suiyo Seamount, Izu-bonin arc, Pacific Ocean as a part of Archaean Park Project. Pure seawater sample of 300 degrees C (purity>97%) could be collected. Dissolved and total hydrolyzable amino acids were determined by ion-exchange HPLC, and their enantiomeric ratio was measured by reversed-phase HPLC for the first time. Glycine and serine were two most abundant amino acids, followed by other proteinous amino acids such as alanine, glutamic acid and aspartic acid. Non-proteinous amino acids were detected as minor constituents. Most of the amino acids detected were of the L-form. Thus amino acids of abiotic origin were quite minor, and most of the amino acids detected were formed biologically. These results, together with analytical results of the vent chimney samples, suggest that there is active microbial activities near the hydrothermal systems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)190-191
Number of pages2
JournalBiological sciences in space = Uchū seibutsu kagaku
Volume17
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2003
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

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    Horiuchi, T., Kobayashi, K., Takano, Y., Marumo, K., Nakashima, M., Yamagishi, A., Ishibashi, J., & Urabe, T. (2003). Organics in chimneys and water samples from deep-sea hydrothermal systems: implications for sub-vent biosphere. Biological sciences in space = Uchū seibutsu kagaku, 17(3), 190-191.