Origin of external quantum efficiency degradation in organic light-emitting diodes with a DC magnetron sputtered cathode

Hiroshi Fujimoto, Takuya Miyayama, Noriaki Sanada, Chihaya Adachi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper characterizes changes in organic light-emitting diodes to better understand the origin of the decrease in external quantum efficiency (ηext) when switching the cathode deposition method from evaporation to DC magnetron sputtering. An increase of driving voltage and a hole-barrier-dependent decrease of ηext when the Al cathode is sputtered suggest that disruption of carrier balance and penetration of holes from the emissive layer (EML) into the electron transport layer (ETL) are significant sources of the device degradation. When the ETL was doped with Li, degradation was suppressed and the increase in driving voltage was drastically reduced although ηext still decreased by 5%-7%. Analysis of the films by time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry indicates that Li diffuses into the EML when Al is sputtered, and Li is shown to act as an exciton quencher that can decrease ηext. Doping of the ETL is also used to significantly suppress the performance reduction with sputtered cathodes even when using a phosphorescent emitter having high ηext.

Original languageEnglish
Article number060603
JournalJournal of Vacuum Science and Technology B:Nanotechnology and Microelectronics
Volume32
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Instrumentation
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Materials Chemistry

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